Transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) is a proposed tool for non-invasively modulating human brain circuits, but its ability to affect cortical physiology remains unclear. A recent study merged TES with live animal and human cadaveric recordings to verify intracranial electrical effects, then used these findings to develop a novel neuro-modulation protocol.
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Direct effects of transcranial electric stimulation on brain circuits in rats and humans. Mihály Vöröslakos, Yuichi Takeuchi, Kitti Brinyiczki, Tamás Zombori, Azahara Oliva, Antonio Fernández-Ruiz, Gábor Kozák, Zsigmond Tamás Kincses, Béla Iványi, György Buzsáki & Antal Berényi. Nature Communications 9 (483). [PDF] [Link]